Automation & unemployment: could robots people on the street?

Moscow, January 31 – “News.Economy.” A lot of discussion going on about the feasibility of introducing robots in people’s lives. Some believe robots are a positive asset to humanity, while others see them as a mortal threat – rapid and irreversible.

now more and more robots are working in real factories and warehouses where they day-to-day perform the same tasks as the people around them. Robots appreciate that they increase productivity by helping small companies compete with larger ones, and even for the fact that they give people the opportunity to go from boring and repetitive tasks to more interesting work. But increasingly in the media there are reports, the authors suspected or even accused of robots stealing jobs from people.

How to actually look the relationship between robots, including collaborative robots (chobotov), and human labor? To understand and to answer the “charges” to the robots, you must first understand — collaborative robots are not designed to replace people but to help them. At the same time, standard industrial robots, which for half a century are used in many industries, really intended to be a substitute for people.

Robots are stealing jobs!The media increasingly there are titles that play on primitive fear: robots around the world will replace humans as the main working force, and we will not be able to earn a living. Judging by the press coverage and the reaction of officials, concern about the transition of jobs to robots is widespread.

of Course, it is not inherent in all. According to advocates of robotics, each new wave of automation — from steam engines to computers — has raised fears that technology will take over and make human labor unnecessary, but in the longwelding term, the number of jobs only increased.

the fact is that most jobs require uniquely human skills. According to recent research lends itself to full automation in less than 10% of activities, and therefore, the number of jobs that robots can steal from people, is limited. The demand for Khobotov is growing faster than the demand for traditional industrial robots: BIS Research predicts that the market volume of collaborative robots to 2021 will reach approximately $2 billion. Therefore, it is more likely that humans and robots will work in the same shop side by side, not that robots will displace people.

Robotics creates a new profession one of the parties to the dispute can not deny this fact: the part of the professions rooted in the past, but robotics creates a new one. The majority of studies which examined the impact of robotics on employment of people dedicated to geographically restricted areas or labor-intensive industries heavily dependent on employees performing tasks easily, which can be easily replaced by robots. According to these studies, the robots will likely have a negative impact only on certain types of activities, for example in the production and Assembly they will inevitably replace humans in performing repetitive, monotonous, tedious work.

However, even if the new technology part of the collectors will lose their jobs, robotics will cause the emergence of new, higher-paying positions in areas such as programming. Eventually robots will be a source of jobs, although not like before.

What do you say politicians?Robophobia in the media has attracted the attention of governments. Especially urgent was the call to invest in education to prepare workers for the professions of tomorrow, because the robots and their role in the labour market have attracted increasing attention. But even more alarming is the fact that in some countries talking about the introduction of income tax for the robots from the funds which will be paid in compensation to the people displaced by this robots.

Obviously useful for governments to invest in microbacteria and other programs of retraining to help workers to adapt to the changing technological environment than artificially to protect the profession that can be automated by introducing a withholding tax on robots or using other measures that may adversely affect the overall productivity and competitiveness.

Increasing konkurentosposobnosti whatever appeared the robots, their work contributes to the quality and improved workflow, which allows the company to compete in the global market. Kobota compact, easy to program, flexible and inexpensive. They make robotics easy and affordable by virtually any business anywhere will be able to improve their competitiveness. This is especially important for small and medium enterprises, which kobota give the flexibility and performance necessary to compete with larger ones.

furthermore, thanks to the robots those companies that are located in countries with a high cost of production, will be able to return home some of their business processes previously outsourced to countries with cheap production. While jobs are coming back into the country and created again. Increasing their competitiveness, companies grow and with them grow suppliers and other dependent production, and it also raises new jobs of various types.

the Use of collaborative robots, unlike industrial robots, does not exclude human work completely. The main one is that kobota work together with people who their programming. For example, the Danish company Universal Robots produces a whole family of light collaborative robots, in which there are always new models. To invest in a specific program educatioto achieve greater kobota be much simpler and faster than in the programming of industrial robots. This can be done for free over the Internet. Thanks to simple programming, small size, no need to allocate additional space in the pipeline and what to learn how to manage robotami any employee, kobota be more profitable and affordable than industrial robots.

Back to chelovecheskuyu trends, on the contrary, talking about the lack of need for fully automated plants, without a single person. We are talking about the mass desire for personalization and that worldwide consumers are becoming richer and defiantly continue to give preference to products made by hand, and much appreciated here deep knowledge of the workflow that are not available to robots.

Robotic operating environment, consistent with the principles of the fourth industrial revolution will play a vital role in some industries and in other processes. But as this role will always be limited, and the demand for products created with human involvement, will continue to grow, experts expect that the negative impact of robotics on employment will be considerably weaker than predicted by the alarmists.

Thus, the robots and, in particular, kobota create more jobs, and often these types of work are better paid. Robots increase productivity and competitiveness, and this is a great incentive to develop policies that encourage their use. Such measures may include the professional development of staff through training and other educational initiatives and removing barriers to robotics, whether special taxes or other actions that increase the cost of robots. Text: News.Economy

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